Pakistan is positioned to end up being self-sufficient in potato seed by mid-2022. The nation is mosting likely to begin creating top notch, virus-free, third-generation potato seed. It will apply the aeroponic innovation that it obtained from South Korea. The relocation will certainly decrease the import costs for potato seed, which is $400 million per annum.
Aeroponic is a technique for expanding potatoes in air inside the bed in a greenhouse. The nutrients’ solution is misted onto the plants with nozzles to provide nutrients and water. The innovation is highly ideal for tuber augmentation as well as much easier to supply oxygen to the origin area.
This soilless technique is for producing pre-basic seed with a greater return more quickly, more sustainably and also with greater profits than conventional methods. The producer can recover first financial investments swiftly owing to the high degree of productivity.
Presently, Pakistan imports about 15,000 tonnes of potato seed from numerous nations.
The availability of aeroponic methods for potato plants grown with the help of great droplets without soil or substrate support offers a new hope, stated Dr Muhammad Azeem Khan, chairman of the Pakistan Agricultural Study Council (PARC).
The end of import dependence will certainly conserve the exchequer $400m a year
This advanced technique will cause greater development rates and also healthy and balanced, consistent and also energetic potato bulbs. This will make potato production much more reliable and decrease the variety of cycles in potato seed reproduction, thus minimizing the dangers to health and also top quality, he said.
With the special interest of South Oriental Ambassador Suh Sangpyo, the transfer of modern technology came to be feasible following the establishment of the Korea Programme for International Teamwork in Agricultural Innovation (KOPIA) at the National Agriculture Research Study Centre (NARC), Islamabad in 2020, with the objective of advertising bilateral cooperation in the agriculture market. Various potato-growing countries have currently begun embracing this technology.
Under the arrangement, a KOPIA-Pakistan Centre has been established in NARC complied with by the establishment of an aeroponic greenhouse. The Rural Growth Management (RDA) of South Korea has actually offered funds for this project.
Pakistan-South Korea joint tasks will certainly assist introduce advancement in farming technology as well as strategies in seed advancement, which will enhance wise farming and also boost small ranches’ performance besides increasing revenue levels of small farmers.
The potato plant in Pakistan is cultivated on a commercial scale and also adds significantly to GDP. It is grown in both highlands and also levels as the summer season and wintertime crop, which shows its value in the resources of a varied group of farmers.
The average yield of the potato plant in Pakistan is less than that in various other potato-growing nations. The potato seed of the 7th as well as eighth generations is being imported, which only represents 2pc of the overall requirement. Its succeeding reproduction in formal and casual means results in the build-up of viruses owing to the absence of the most up to date analysis methods and keeping track of systems, according to potato researchers.
According to PARC Participant Dr Shahid Hameed, the expense of top notch seed has to do with 35-50pc of the complete expense of manufacturing in Pakistan. Licensed seed manufacturing is restricted as well as encounters technical, cost-effective and managerial problems. The majority of farmers rely upon their very own seed for which they mostly do not have the proper skills and also technical knowledge, he said.
Dr Hameed better included that a crucial restriction on satisfying the expanding demand and also population growth is the non-availability of premium seed with appropriate degrees of resistance to pest and diseases. Analysis surveys performed by various scientists confirmed the existence as well as variable incidence of internationally renowned and also financially important viruses in different agro -. ecological zones of potato farming in Pakistan.
The absence of schedule of quality-seed potatoes by traditional approaches is amongst the major reasons that pose a straight challenge to the production system, Dr Hameed claimed.