UNITED NATIONS: A $35 billion worldwide appeal was unveiled by the United Nations on Tuesday to support more than 235 million disadvantaged people in 2021, including 10.5 million in Pakistan.
For Pakistan, which it targets about 3.3 million as the most vulnerable and fragile,” the world body is also targeting $285.3 million.
The United Nations appeal clarified that next year, a record 235 million people worldwide will need humanitarian aid and security, a rise of almost 40 per cent by 2020. 160 million people in 56 countries have been classified as the most needy by the United Nations and partner organisations.
The 40 percent rise was almost entirely from Covid-19,” said United Nations disaster relief leader Mark Lowcock, which has had an especially damaging effect on emerging economies.
At the start of the Global Humanitarian Outlook 2020, which was also the highest figure in decades, the pandemic prompted one in 33 persons to seek disaster aid, a substantial rise from 1 in 45.
The global economic fallout will continue to have a large-scale socio-economic effect” on Pakistan throughout 2021, according to the United Nations appeal, “especially on people already living below the poverty line.
Economic stress is likely to lead to increased unemployment, inflation and hunger, the study said, highlighting the need to help Pakistan’s disaster relief, prevention and reduction initiatives.
The study points out that poverty in Pakistan is expected to increase from 24.3 per cent to 40 per cent in 2021 due to the pandemic, and the economic effect of the pandemic on vulnerable groups and the refugee community would be the most acute.
The study observed that during 2020, Pakistan endured a series of unpredictable shocks that pushed the most vulnerable individuals into exacerbated crises with little prospect of recovery and impacted almost every region of the world.
A winter emergency in most of the western parts of the world was accompanied by drought-like conditions in 2019. Coupled with public health initiatives, the Covid-19 pandemic and subsequent economic shock dealt a serious blow to livelihoods and the environment, disrupted schooling, and caused increased food insecurity.
The report noted that Pakistan’s government declared a national emergency in September because of severe monsoon-triggered floods in Sindh. 2.4 million residents were hit by the flooding and thousands of people were left homeless, living on streets covered by water and lacking access to safe water or sanitation.
The United Nations appeal clarified that the pandemic has had a dramatic effect worldwide on populations still in conflict, record amounts of migration, shocks of climate change.
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The United Nations emergency chief said that “multiple” famines are looming, adding that the situation was “desperate” for millions and has left the UN and its allies exhausted.
The vision we portray is the bleakest and worst vision of humanitarian needs in the time ahead of which we have ever set out,” Mr. Lowcock said, “Which is a result of the reality that the Covid pandemic has wreaked carnage through the entire world’s most impoverished and helpless nations.