KARACHI: Habib College on Thursday evening organised a webinar on ‘All Alone in Lucknow– Yagana, the Ghalib-Breaker’ as part of its Islam After Manifest destiny series.
Prof Dr S. Akbar Hyder of Division of Asian Studies at the University of Texas supplied a talk on the celebration.
Dr Hyder said in the summer of 2007 he was in Lucknow researching Yas Yagana Changezi, the poet who had stimulated much more conflict than any other in the background of that city, when he was introduced to Tajassus Ejaz. Their shared colleague had linked him to Tajassus sahib since the latter was an avid collection agency of Sarfaraz, the popular regular publication in Lucknow’s Shia area that had contributed in inciting violence versus Yagana. His associate additionally informed him that Tajassus sahib was just one of the 11 guys who had actually walked in Yagana’s funeral procession.
He stated for him (Dr Hyder) the stories of Yagana’s Lucknow adversities. He likewise hypothesized that possibly Yagana would certainly not have actually suffered the fate that he did if more people had known about his final hrs when the poet summoned 3 buddies to his deathbed to bear witness to his kalima recitation.
The scholar also discussed his meetings in Lucknow with the distinguished short-story writer Naiyer Masud. Much that he had to say on Thursday was indebted to those meetings and to the superb scholarship of those that had actually made Yagana research studies.
Scholar says the 20th-century poet was possessive when it concerned securing Urdu
Dr Hyder stated Yagana was called Mirza Wajid Husain by his daddy. He relocated from Azimabad to Lucknow around 1914. The poet gave himself names that would ultimately lead him into isolation as well as add to his notoriety for years ahead. He first called himself Yas Azimabadi (misery from Azimabad). Azimabad is another name these days’s Patna. He wed right into a Lucknow household however never obtained the therapy owed to a South Oriental son-in-law. Lucknow was a difficult city. The canon guardians of the city thought their Urdu to be superior to all various other Urdu modes. Yagana never pulled down his Azimabad connection. His writings provided a plain sideshow to his émigré experience for the remainder of his life.
Dr Hyder claimed Yagana was possessive when it concerned safeguarding Urdu as Urdu, not as Persian or Arabic however as a composite language. It was this worry about the Persianisation of Urdu that assisted Yagana launch his earlier reviews of Mirza Asadullah Khan Ghalib.
Simply when the diwan of Ghalib was made on a par with the magnificent Vedas, Yagana began to determine idioms in Ghalib’s Urdu verse that were acceptable in Persian but not in Urdu. He discerned, to name a few things, the pompous Persianisation of Urdu that made the ghazal experience (in his opinion) tedious and also contrived. His series of essays and also quatrains as reviews of Ghalib’s language ultimately developed the book which he’s most very closely connected with, Ghalib Shikan (the Ghalib breaker).
The scholar claimed Yagana attacked on the moral front too. He rotates polemics around Ghalib’s personal life selections and also actions by first making him an opportunistic sycophant. He doubts Ghalib’s nationalism by reminding his followers that Ghalib basked in wine as well as fun while his patron Bahadur Shah Zafar was passing away in Rangoon. Ghalib ingratiated himself with the British by creating a qasida for Queen Victoria.
However, Dr Hyder stated, the Mirza of Azimabad (Yagana) had a lot of appreciation for those couplets of Ghalib that talked of wishes as well as longings. As an example, Yagana admire the doomsday raising resignation in the radeef ‘he sahi’ (so be it) of the complying with widely known Ghalib ghazal:
Yaar se chhed chali jaey Asad Gar nahin wasl to hasrat he sahi
[Let the flirtation continue with the beloved, Asad Otherwise the union, then longing would do]
And also Yagana never stopped working to point out that which he showed Ghalib– love for Hazrat Ali:
Dono deewaney hain Ali ke talib Jaan ek hai go juda hain qalib Mazhab mein, shairi mein, quamiat mein Ghalib hain Yagana aur Yagana Ghalib
[Both these crazy ones seek Ali Their spirit is one, although their bodies are apart In faith, in poetry as well as in community Ghalib is Yagana and also Yagana is Ghalib]
The scholar declared it’s a clear recognition of that which binds both enthusiasts to one beloved. This homage likewise represents a setback to those that matched Yagana against Ghalib in simplistic terms.
Dr Hyder in the last part of his talk spoke on Yagana’s criticism of the similarity Allama Iqbal, Asghar Gondvi as well as some other poets.
Dr Nauman Naqvi as well as Dr Sajjad Rizvi, both associate teachers at Habib University, were the discussants.